Skip to main content

Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

See other formats

128                                       FLORA.   INDICA.
neighbourhood of Mangalore, and partly from the vicinity of
Mercara in Kiirg.
The mountains of Kurg were first explored by Captain
Munro and Captain Gough, who seem to have scut many
plants to Dr. Wight. Copious Herbaria were also made in va-
rious parts of the chain by our own collectors. The district
of Nagar seems to have been visited by Hamilton only, on
his retiu'ii from Ciinarii to Mysore: his notices of it arc very
scanty. Dr. Wight has further published a few plants of the
Bababuden hills.
A careful coinpaiison of much of the materials comprised
in these different collections, from all parts of the chain, as-
sures us that Malabar is comparatively well explored botaui-
cally, and that there tiro not many more pljucuogmuie plants
to reward the labours of future investigators.
This district extends from (Jon to Daman, or very nearly
to the Tn,pti river. Like Malulwr, which if, greatly resombios
in general aspect, it is comprised between the western ocean
and the Ghats, and consists of a narrow belt near the sea witli
salt-water iidets, and ti succession of mountain spurs. In the
northern parts of the Bombay Presidency, the chain separating
the Concan from the Dckliau is called the Northern Ghats, or
Siadri mountains, a term which may conveniently be extended
to their whole length, and which we shall thus apply when it
is necessary to particularize them. Throughout the Coneau
they form a continuous chain of hills, interrupted, however,
by deep depressions. Tliroughout their length, they seem sel-
dom rugged, but to rise often into sharp or flat-topped peaks.
To the east they slope gently into the plains of the Dckl&an.
The summits rise to the height of 4000-5000 feet, but the
mean elevation is very much less. The station of Mahaba-
leshwar is 4700 feet* In the latitude of Daman 20 N,), the
chain begins to sink abruptly into the Tapti valley, and changes
its course, or sends off a spur of considerable elevation in an
easterly direction, as the Chandor hills,